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By Aqeel-uz-zafar Khan

Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah with the Editorial Staff of Dawn

The Press in India had played a pivotal role in the emancipation of the Sub-continent from the foreign yoke. It became the most effective instrument utilised for publicity by the authorities as well as by the private agencies to achieve their objectives. It played a vital role for the politicians to project and propagate their views, the newspapers courageously taught and trained thousands of young men to realise their responsibilities and participate in the struggle for independence.

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By Professor Sharif al Mujahid
"We want peace. But if war is forced upon us, we accept it." With this telling couplet from the immoral Firdausi did the Quaid closehis memorable speech to the Muslim League Council meeting in Bombay on July 29,1946. And, to be sure, this couplet represented the bitter Muslim mood at the British acquiescence at the Congress's distortion of the Cabinet Mission plan (1946).

Muslim bitterness at Congress "duplicity" and British "perfidy" led to revoke of their earlier decision to accept the Plan, revert to their original demand and reaffirm their faith in a sovereign, independent Pakistan. Earlier that evening, the League Council had taken a bold decision: it said good-bye to constitutionalism and sanctioned Direct Action for the first time in all its annals, and this to wrest Pakistan. "...Now the time has come" so ran the League resolution, "for the Muslim nation to resort to Direct Action, to achieve Pakistan, to assert their just rights, to vindicate their honour and get rid of the British slavery and contemplated future caste-Hindu domination."

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picture gallery

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The Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah , who changed the destiny of the Muslims of the South-Asia Subcontinent, breathed his last on 11 September, 1948

Liaquat Ali Khan stands beside the Janaza of the Quaid-e-Azam. The huge crowd of mourners can be seen in the background

Fatima Jinnah and Quaid's daughter Dina (extreme left) weep as the body of the Quaid is being lowered in the grave

Rose petals are being  showered on the Quaid's grave

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Quaid-e-Azam arrived at the Karachi Airport

Listening to the Address of Lord Mountbatten in the Constituent Assembly on 14 August, 1947

The Quaid-e-Azam and Fatima Jinnah, Karachi, 14 August, 1947

Quaid-e-Azam replying to the Address by Lord Mountbatten in Constituent Assembly on 14 August,1947

Quaid-e-Azam being administered the oath of office of the Governor Genral by the Chief Justice of Pakistan

Signing the register as the first Governor General of the newly created State of Pakistan

Quaid-e-Azam and Liaqat Ali Khan in the Constituent Assembly,1947

Quaid and Fatima Jinnah arriving at the Independence Day Celebrations

Presiding over a Session of the Constituent Assembly

Quaid-e-Azam at a function at the Governor General House,karachi

Inspecting a contingent of the Pakistan Navy

Guard of Honour being presented to the Quaid-e-Azam as the Governor General of Pakistan

At the Naval Base at Karachi,1947

Arriving the Civic Reception given in his honour by the Karachi Municipal Corporation in Augest,1947

Gala independence Day on 14 August,1947,in the Governor General House in Karachi

Replying to the Civic Address at the Karachi Municipal Corporation

With the Vice-Chancellor of the Punjab University,1947

Cutting his Birthday cake on 25 December,1947 in Karachi

Quaid-e-Azam and Fatima Jinnah at a diplomatic reception at Karachi

The Quaid and Fatima Jinnah at preview of a documentary film "In Our Midst" at a cinema house in Karachi(1948)

At a reception at the Sindh Chief Court at Karachi

The Quaid commissioning a Naval Ship(dilawar)

Arrives to attend a Scout Rally at Karachi

Addressing the Shahi Darbar at Sibi

With a group of Quetta Students

Watching a sports meet at Sibi in March,1948

Addressing a huge public meeting at Chittagong,1948

Quaid-e-Azam witnessing a parade of Ack Ack Regiment,Karachi, 1948

Inspecting an Anti-Aircraft Gun at Malir ,Karachi